Free Copier Service Manuals

If you’re looking for a source fro free copier service manuals you might try looking over at, they have some pretty helpful users there that usually have what you need.

Copier Technician Basics

Copier Technician Basics

What is a copier technician?

A copier technician is a technician that repairs the copier. That sounds easy enough. A technician that repairs the copier. This sounds like a very simple trite little saying but it contains so much. Lets unpack or truly define the term copier technician. Wikipedia has an interesting definition. A technician is a worker in a field of technology who is proficient in the relevant skills and techniques, with a relatively practical understanding of the theoretical principles. Experienced technicians in a specific tool domain typically have intermediate understanding of theory and expert proficiency in technique. As such, technicians are generally much better versed in technique compared to average layman and even general professionals in that field of technology.”

Copier Technicians are also often referred to as field engineers. Here is a good working definition of that term. A field engineer is a professional who works at job sites other than the main company office or headquarters. This person often services clients at their homes or businesses. He or she may work in a variety of fields, and can be responsible for installing hardware, servicing a machine, or the maintenance and repair of already-installed products.

Expertise in the area of service, including a strong familiarity with the product, creativity, and problem-solving abilities are all good skills for a field engineer to develop. Since field engineers typically work directly with clients, it can be beneficial to have strong communication skills as well. Good fine motor skills and dexterity are often required. Now what does that mean? It means this. The average copier technician can be considered as one having a practical knowledge of theoretical principles. This means that where as an average person can say there is a problem with the copier. A copier technician can define the problem. This also means that if an engineer can define the location of the problem then the copier technician can fix it.

What skills are required to be a copier technician?

If you are in high school and reading this then lets deal with the starting point of what will help you as a technician. Copier technicians are great puzzle solvers. This means any toys or games that involve solving puzzles is great help in developing the mental processes necessary to solve copier problems. Puzzles such as sudoku, jig saw puzzles, rubics puzzles and the like are good training for copier techs. Video games are also good training. If its an rts… this teaches you process… if it’s an srpg… this teaches management of resources. if its a sim… this teaches you relationships… Its also good to be mechanically inclined. that means you are the individual who would rather fix a computer problem than pay to have it done or cook a meal instead of buying it.

Now what kind of degree is required. To be honest none really but most companies are looking for an A+. An A+ means that you understand how computers work and you are familiar enough with them that you have taken an industry standard test that proves it. There is also the comptia pdi+ This is a straight out basic copier training that says you know the basics. Its also good if you have network background. A comptia n+ certification would also be something good to have. Concerning in service certifications and trainings from the manufacturer, these are generally provided by the dealer who employs you. If you get enough of these then you are generally very proficient at what you do and can really coast around from job to job but as with anything else your mileage will vary.

Learning basic copier theory.

If you have an old fax machine then you have enough to learn basic copier and printer theory and troubleshooting. Why? Well most fax comes with basic copying and printing capabilities and its a cheap way to learn.

  • 1st. lets deal with paper path.
  • Paper is fed from the trays or the input section
  • it then travels by the drum where it receives an image and then it goes to the fuser where that image is burned in. the paper then exits the copier and is picked up by the end user.
  • lets say there is a paper jam.
  • your fist step is to find out where the paper is stopping.
  • once you know that then you have to see if its being blocked by a paperclip… a lose part or poor roller contact or a a broken gear.
  • next lets deal with image problems
  • in general the fax takes a picture of the image and then turns that image into electronic signals and then shoots them over to the drum where it is changes from a set of electronic signals into a text and images on paper.

Lets start with lines on copies…

  • do an internal print like meter report or a status report. then do a copy job. if you see lines on the copies but not the prints then the part that takes the picture is bad or possibly dirty. if there are lines on the prints but not the copies then the issue is with the original or there is an internal memory problem. if there are lines on both then you might have a dirty camera or laser or fuser.
  • if the fax is making grinding noises there is a cracked or broken gear. if the fax is not turning on then check the switch the outlet it is plugged into… if fax still not turning on then test the power cable with a continuity test. if still not turning on then test the power supply… if still not turning on then go to the service manual
  • if service manual not useful then check the manufacturer service line
  • if manufacturer service line not helpful then check the tech forums
  • if tech forums not helpful then Google the problem.
  • if parts are broken check the parts manual and order.
  • if unable to find parts then Google the part and order.


How A Copier Works



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All You Need to Know About Canon Copiers

All You Need to Know About Canon Copiers

When it comes to business solutions, a Canon multifunction copier easily comes to mind. Each of Canon’s digital copiers is specifically designed for the desktop, workgroup, department, or for production.

Desktop Copiers

Desktop Copiers from Canon utilize digital technology, which provide versatile features that help you become more productive in a home or small business setting. These are just some of the Canon digital copiers designed for the desktop:

1. imageRUNNER 1023N

This Canon copier also functions as network printer, and colored scanner. The imageRUNNER 1023N operates up to 23 ppm, and is also equipped with a 50-sheet Duplexing Automatic Document Feeder.

2. imageRUNNER 1025

This Canon multifunction copier can also function as a colored scanner, and a high-quality laser printer with a speed of up to 25 ppm. Canon’s technologies such as the Rapid Fusing System help speed up this copier’s warm-up times and minimizes energy consumption costs at the same time.

3. imageRUNNER 1025iF

The imageRUNNER 1025iF is a Canon copier that operates up to 25 ppm. This copier features Super G3 faxing capabilities, and full color document distribution.

Workgroup Copiers

Canon offers a selection of digital copiers that are designed to meet various needs and budgets in a workgroup. Speeds of workgroup copiers range from 18 to 30 ppm. Here are some of these copiers:

1. imageRUNNER 2018i

The imageRUNNER 2018i operates at a speed of up to 18 ppm. It provides digital copying and network printing, as well as optional fax capabilities. This Canon copier makes scanning two-sided documents very easy, and also allows you to send colored documents to different destinations.

2. imageRUNNER 2025i

This multifunction copier operates up to 25 ppm. It offers a comprehensive set of features perfect for workgroups, including document distribution capabilities in both black and white and full color.

3. imageRUNNER 2030i

This copier operates at a speed of up to 30 ppm. It also minimizes the file size of color documents that are scanned without compromising quality.

Department Copiers

Many of Canon’s copiers are designed to handle the demands of busy departments operating from 22 to 75 ppm. Here are some of these copiers:

1. imageRUNNER 3235i

This multifunction copier operates at a speed of up to 35 ppm. The imageRUNNER 3235i comes with support for USB memory media, which means that you can either scan colored documents to your USB memory media, or print documents that are stored on your USB memory media.

2. imageRUNNER C5058

The imageRUNNER C5058 model produces black and white output at a speed of 58 ppm, and colored output at a speed of 16 ppm. It scans originals at a speed of 70 ipm (impressions per minute) at 300 dpi. This digital copier also comes equipped with a standard 100-sheet Duplexing Automatic Document Feeder.

3. imageRUNNER 5075

The imageRUNNER 5075 is a digital copier that operates up to 75 ppm. It boasts advanced document handling and finishing capabilities such as the standard Single Pass Duplex Scanner/Feeder, 2/3-hole punching, and saddle stitch finishing. This copier is ideal for departments and light production office environments

Production Copiers

Other Canon multifunction copiers operate in speeds ranging from 80 to 105 ppm. These are some of them:

1. imageRUNNER 7086

This multifunction copier operates at 86 ppm. This Internet-ready copier can also tackle various tasks such as professional hole punching, paper folding, and booklet finishing.

2. imageRUNNER 7095

The imageRUNNER 7095 operates at a speed of up to 95 ppm. This multifunction copier challenges standards of document production with features such as high-capacity stacking, perfect bookbinding, and saddle-stitched finishing. This copier is also Internet-ready.

3. imageRUNNER 7105

This Canon copier is perfect for corporate offices that require speedy copying and scanning. The imageRUNNER 7105 operates at 105 ppm, and is designed to meet the standards of professional publishing.

These copiers are just some of the wide array of products that Canon has available for your business needs. No matter what your budget or needs are, the chances are pretty high that there is a Canon multifunction copier for you.

This Article is written by John C Arkin from News. PrintCountry the contributor of Printer & Printer Ink Cartridges News More information on the subject is at, and related resources can be found at Canon Printer Cartridges.

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What Did We Do Before the Photocopier?

What Did We Do Before the Photocopier?

When Chester Carlson invented the photocopier machine in 1937, he probably didn’t realise the effect he would have on the office machinery landscape. You could say that his invention kick started the office automation business by proving that many laborious tasks can be handed over to machine.

As with all inventions of its type though, it took a while for them to be accepted and it was a decade before they became commonplace in offices throughout the US. It took even longer for them to make their way to the UK where we have sometimes lagged behind our colonial friends when it comes to accepting new methods and ways of working. Considering we were the birthplace of the industrial revolution, it seems odd that we should be so adverse to taking on new ideas these days.

However, they’re now popular almost worldwide (certainly all Western countries and the East) and they are almost essential in today’s office. But what did we do before them? Well, the most common method of duplicating any kind of work was by using carbon copy paper. This was an extremely efficient and effective way of getting an exact copy of the document you were currently working on, but only one copy. You could try multiple pieces of carbon paper but eventually the thickness made it impossible for the pressure of the hammer to get through to the bottom. It was quite common to see three or four times copied documents that were unreadable.

So many places (including educational establishments like schools and colleges) took to using lithograph duplicators. If you were at school in the 70s and 80s you may remember the smell from these machines that seemed capable of only creating copies in a feint purple colour. They were bulky machines that were operated by hand and if you’d been playing around in class one day – it was probably you that had to do it.

The problem with them was – it wasn’t an instant copy. You first had to make a ‘plate’ which was the master from which all other copies were made. This wasn’t a difficult task, but it also wasn’t a doddle and meant a plate had to be made for each page. So, when photocopiers came along, they were seen as the ultimate in convenience, but there was one big problem with them – they were expensive.

But one thing’s for sure – things that are useful don’t stay expensive for long and the laws of supply and demand soon made it economic for everyone to get one. This was simply down to the fact that during the ‘desk top publishing’ boom of the 80s and 90s, many people wanted high quality printers and that meant laser printers. As the innards of a photocopier was essentially a laser printer, the two technologies could be developed together and so the cost of them came down drastically.

However, when scanners became popular, they started to be attached to printers themselves and so suddenly ink jet printers were able to copy. Why scan and print when you could simply copy with one press of the button? Photocopiers are now incredibly popular in all offices and also very cheap to run. Luckily we’ve embraced technology and the office has become and easier place to work.

Alan is leading up the online marketing for The Office Supplies Supermarket and the ten sub-brands that make up this formidable force in the online office world. They offer a wide range of products for the modern office together with masses of help and assistance to those looking to find the best possible supplies for their business. For a massive range of office products you should check out their main website which contains the details of over 50,000 items together with an extensive FAQ section so you are never lost or misinformed.

Of note is their office machines website which has everything from office photocopiers through to the latest in overhead projectors, stopping off with a wide range of calculators and other useful equipment.

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The Photocopier Repair Man

The Photocopier Repair Man

Last year, while working in a certain place in the UK, the lady on the reception desk where I worked was a real country girl. One of her lovely ways of letting a colleague know a repairman was here was something like (made up name to protect the innocent) “Jane, there’s a little man here to see you”. Absolutely brilliant and she just couldn’t see the irony, when the guy was maybe six foot and two hundred pounds in weight.

Anyway, I remember this because the repairman who came to service this and the printers was a truly big man. But the point of this article isn’t about a man and his dog, it is about photocopiers and printers.

Totally innocuous machines, sitting forlornly on a desk or filing cabinet in the corner of the office or stationery cupboard humming away and contributing to global warming, never given a second thought until Oh no paper jam, toner leak or non communication on the network… or worse.

It is at this point in time that due deference is given to how much work these machines actually churn out, while making a frantic call to the photocopier man, promising coffee and biscuits if he can get here in the next half hour.

What did we do before photocopiers and printers? Well, “photocopying” and “printing” was by means of a duplicating machine, smaller versions powered by a hand crank, (I recall my head teacher churning out page after page of scripts for the school plays we all had to endure and act in) and the larger versions powered by a small electric motor.

Originating from what is known as the second phase of the industrial revolution; these machines kick started the major changes in clerical and administration work practices, paving the way for a recognizable early version of what was to eventually become the modern office environment.

Typewriters, duplicating machines and the telephone changed the way office work was carried out, and the ability to mass produce cheaply in the office what once cost a lot of money by printers using a press, could now literally be created for the cost of a “dime a dozen”.

So although the photocopier and printer is a reasonably modern invention, the ability to mass produce from duplicating and typewriting has been around for over a century. Whichever way you look at it, the photocopier man has been, and will be, around a long time.

Jamie Lyons working on behalf of office supplies Liverpool and office supplies Bolton helping to provide great prices and quality products

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An Historical Look at the Photocopier

An Historical Look at the Photocopier

The photocopier has become an essential piece of kit for any office environment, being used for a multitude of copying tasks. Without the photocopier, many office workers would have very sore hands from copying or typing out data; it is arguably one of the most important items required to make an office function smoothly.

The man who invented the photocopier was called Chester Carlson who worked as a patent attorney, along with being a part-time inventor and researcher. As he worked in the patent office in New York he had to make a great deal of copies of important patent documents – but as a sufferer of arthritis, he found the process an extremely boring and indeed painful process. With this pain in mind, he began conducting experiments with photoconductivity in his kitchen. In 1938 he applied for a patent for the process. The very first copy of the very first photocopier came about using a zinc plate covered with sulfur. This famous copy bore the words “10-22-38 Astoria”.

Carlson tried to sell his invention to more than 20 companies, but it was regarded as being under-developed. Further to this, carbon paper was the chosen method of copying, which in the minds of many people, was sufficient; an electronic photocopier did not seem necessary at all. Even big names such as General Electric and IBM numbered among the firms he went to between 1939-1944.

Carlson was contracted to refine the process in 1944 for five years by Battelle Memorial Institute (a non profit organization). In 1947, the Haloid Corporation approached Battelle to obtain a license to develop and market a related photocopier machine. In time, and after consulting someone who knew about Greek language, they settled on the term ‘xerography’ which was derived from “dry writing” in Greek. These new photocopiers were called Xerox machines, and eventually the word Xerox was copywrited.

The use of the photocopier became known colloquially as ‘xeroxing’ because this brand of copiers became so popular. While Xeroxing is to some extent still synonymous with copying, in most instances the corporation asks that such references or listings are removed, as it does not want the word Xerox used in this way.

Other brands have also come to the fore since then, with names like the Salvin Corporation and Kodak leading the pack. These firms now provide photocopier technology to businesses and educational establishments of all kinds, all around the world.

Gino Hitshopi is highly experienced in the realm of photocopier technology, having worked in related industries for many years. For more information please visit:

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Proof, Preview and Check to Save Money on Office Printing

“How do I save money on printing?” That’s the question I hear most frequently and in today’s difficult economic climate, it’s an extremely important one. With the cost of a typical black and white page averaging 2 – 5 cents and a color page averaging 7 – 20 cents for paper and toner or ink, implementing the tips below will have your savings add up quickly. A few simple adjustments to how and when you print can result in bigger savings for your business and even your home printing.

Proof your work to cut down on printing unnecessary pages. A great deal of toner, ink and paper is wasted printing pages you can’t use. Always run a spelling and grammar check to correct any mistakes you might have made before you print. These are easy to use tools located on the toolbar at the top of your screen that does the work for you. You retain control over your content while the software makes suggestions for change. It’s like having your own personal proofreader but without the added expense.

Using the print preview feature lets you see how a document will look on paper before you print it. Here’s how:

1) Select File.

2) Click Print Preview to view your document.

3) Hit ESC to return to the normal view.

Are you using Microsoft 2010? BONUS! Microsoft 2010 applications allow you to preview your document in the print screen without any additional keystrokes!

Have you ever printed an email or driving directions on letterhead or your best cardstock? It’s an annoying and costly mistake. Make sure you have the right paper in your printer before you hit print. Most printers have at least one paper tray and a second tray or feed slot. Load the paper you use most often into the largest capacity tray on your printer or MFP. Then use the additional tray for letterhead or any special media you require.

Lastly, when you print multi-page documents and realize you made a mistake, don’t reprint the entire document. Just reprint the page where you make your correction and insert it into the document in the proper order.

The typical office worker uses about 10,000 sheets of paper every year at a cost ranging from $200 to $2000 per year for paper and toner or ink. Reducing print by just 10% can yield big savings, not to mention leaving us many more trees to enjoy. Savings… Simple, easy and at right your fingertips.

Richard Hermann is owner and CEO of TC Technologies, Inc. The company is dedicated to delivering Smart Office Document Solutions for their clients. This includes cost containment, cost reduction and business process enhancements to improve the production and use of documents both hardcopy and electronically. For more information please visit

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Commercial Label Printer

Commercial Label Printer


Commercial label printing requires a high level of expertise and of course the right equipment to execute properly. The fact is that most manufacturers are looking for printing companies which can handle their bulk orders for the commercial purposes. When choosing the best printer to handle the project, a few considerations can help you choose the best.

Label variety: the more the label options the printer has for you, the better it will be for your products since you will have the most suitable for each. Commercial products have different needs and among the most common labels that you will find include opaque and clear film, die cut, in mold, cut and stack, pressure sensitive, vinyl, waterproof and roll fed labels. Others that you will find are laminated labels, foil stamped, peel and stick and static cling commercial labels among others.

Label functionality: the printer should provide you with the label that is most suitable and whose functionality will favor or add value to you products. The label printed should serve its expected functionality perfectly from the word go.

The production consistency: a good printer understands the important of keeping the labels impressive to create that lasting brand among the consumers. It means therefore that it should be in a position to offer you consistency in the production and printing of the labels thus helping you stay afloat in the market.

The pricing: everybody is indeed looking for the best value and quality at a price that is affordable. The same should be the case with your commercial label printer and should offer competitive pricing for the printing project that you have without compromising on the quality of the end product. A small shift in the production price can make a huge difference and you need to keep all your company finances in check.

The turnaround: the fact that you require bulk commercial labels should not be a hindrance for the printer to avail them within the shortest time possible. The general turnaround time for the project should be reasonable to ensure that you also meet with the product deadlines. A company with the right printing equipment and qualified experienced printing professionals will always mange to keep up with any deadlines thus offering turnarounds which are most convenient. This is an aspect that is most important for any manufacturer and should therefore be carefully considered when choosing the best printer for the project.

Read more about Commercial Label Printing and product label printing

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What You Can Expect to Pay for a Decent Quality 3D Printer?

What You Can Expect to Pay for a Decent Quality 3D Printer?

If you are considering the purchase of a 3D printer, the first question that comes to mind is “what do they cost?” As you might imagine, the costs will vary greatly depending upon the intended purpose, the technology employed, and the materials being used.

For a descent quality 3D printer for home use you can expect to pay anywhere from $1000 to $1600. This may at first seem to be somewhat expensive, but when you consider that a nice Mac book will cost between $1000 and $1500, and a powerful multimedia PC will cost at least as much, the price really isn’t all that bad. Manufacturers such as 3D Systems, Afina, Rapman, and Flash Forge all have good models in this range. The next level of home 3D printers with a higher level of quality, accuracy, and size will run you anywhere from $1200 to $4000. 3D Systems has printers in this range as do MakerBot, Fabbster, Airwolf and a few others.

The home hobbyist who might be willing to assemble his own machine can purchase models in the $500 to $1000 range. There are several manufactures coming out with even lower priced models. Hong Kong company Makible is scheduled to be coming out with 3D printers priced at $200, $300 and $350. US company PrintrBot has a number of DIY kits from $299 to $699. Other lower priced kit manufacturers include Pirate 3D, MixShop, Sumpod, Solidoodle and Portabee. Keep in mind that most manufacturers of home and hobbyist 3D printers will offer versions of one particular machines in both DIY models as well as fully assembled models, the latter costing a $100 to $200 more than the DIY version. If you are interested in learning the technology behind the machines, want to be able to fix your own machines, and have the technical and mechanical abilities, a DIY kit would be the way to go. If all of that is beyond you and you simply want to get down to business, spent the few hundred extra and save yourself the time and the headaches.

Industrial grade 3D printers for prototyping parts for jet engines for example, can cost in the tens of thousands of dollars. Solidscape and Stratasys have printers to create highly detailed and sophisticated dental appliances and jewelry priced at the lower end of this range. GE and Ford will have machines costing much more.

A number of considerations will affect the price of the right 3D printer for you. It really depends on your reason for investing in a 3D printer. Some of the attributes to consider are: Print Speed; Part Cost (which will be a function of materials used and time and energy used in production); Feature Detail Resolution (the quality of the finish); Accuracy (car parts for instance need to be very precise); Material Properties; and Color. Many printers may only be able to use “plastic” materials such as ABS or PLA. Others can utilize metallic powders and other exotic materials.

Different applications have unique needs and understanding those application requirements is critical when choosing a 3D printer. Commercial users may find that multiple systems may offer broader use opportunities than a single system. Identifying your unique requirements to apply 3D printing across your entire design-to-manufacture process can shorten time-to-market, improve product performance, streamline and cost-reduce manufacturing, and improve product quality. Home users and hobbyists on the other hand will be quite happy with the simplest of printers.

Kirk Albride is a writer who specializes in science and technology. You can check out one of his latest websites at 3D Printers Prices where he provides the basic info you need to make an educated purchase, including info on basic 3D printer info, printer kits, and the best printers for home use.

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Multi-Function Printers Create More Space and Cut Costs in Small Offices

Multi-Function Printers Create More Space and Cut Costs in Small Offices

Using the mobile phone or the TV for email, internet access, downloading music or films is a major talking point among makers of consumer communication products and is called convergence.

It is not only in telecommunications that convergence is a hot topic, however. The printer and copier industry also sees opportunities for convergence – that is combining several functions in one piece of equipment such as Multi-Function Printers (MFPs).

As printing technology has become more sophisticated and networkable, and with digital printing quality improving, it is now possible to create documents including their design and layout to be print-ready on a computer then send them electronically direct to a printer/copier to be turned into a hard copy.

Combining printing, copying, faxing, scanning and digital sending using a networked MFP rather than several pieces of stand-alone equipment can improve office efficiency for handling both digital and paper documents.
For the home and small business user these multi-function machines can be particularly useful, allowing for fewer pieces of equipment to save on space and cost while enabling the user to produce professional-looking documents in colour or black and white quickly and easily.

There are three main levels of sophistication with MFPs. For the home user there are all-in-ones devices (AIO) which are not usually networked but are small desktop machines and concentrate on printing and scanning, but often with additional features most likely to be important for the home, such as bundled software for organising photos and for photocopying documents.

SOHO – for Small Office/Home Office use – are slightly larger desktop or small freestanding units and have basic Print, Copy, Scan and Fax functionality with some of the more sophisticated models also having simple document storage and retrieval, and basic authentication functions.

The full MFI units are mid-sized freestanding unit, designed to be used as a central office system. They tend to focus on the printing aspect such as high speed, high quality output, and highly advanced finishing (including book creation with cover insertion and may not have all of the advanced network functionality of some of the smaller machines.

If considering adding a MFI to an existing office set-up it is important to ensure that the software that comes with the unit is compatible with existing software. Different sellers have different licensing models, that range between completely “closed” proprietary systems (which can involve large costs) to open strategies with no direct cost involved. Some will be able to supply a software development kit to allow users to integrate communication between existing office software and the MFP. Your local printer and copier supplier should be able to advise you.

However, with all these machines, effective technical support to deal with problems is more important than it was with the previous generation of stand-alone printers.

Historically, the printer/copier would be sold as part of a computer package at zero profit or even at a discount. However, there was little or no back-up if there were problems with the printer and it usually meant that the owner found themselves dealing with a lengthy and cumbersome process of packaging and returning the machine to the manufacturer to get it fixed.

One American supplier has described printer maintenance as essentially a “customer care free zone” where there has historically been either no service support or a low cost low response or back to base outsourced maintenance.

For users of an integrated multi-function printer/copier/scanner this is unlikely to be an acceptable situation.

Copyright (c) 2011 Alison Withers

Convergence is not only the hot topic in consumer communications products, it also applies to printers and copiers. Writer Ali Withers finds out about MFPs, Multi-Function Printers, from Firstcopy, Cambridge, suppliers throughout East Anglia.

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